Ohio History Websites

Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

 The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  Here you will find:

  • All of the articles from both The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History and The Dictionary of Cleveland Biography
  • Completely new articles not available anywhere else in any form
  • High-resolution versions of the photographs and diagrams found in the original texts, which are available from the articles or through the Image Gallery
  • Continuous updates, revisions, and corrections to the text

National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
This website provides mostly secondary source information and a timeline on the history of the abolition movement and Underground Railroad in the United States. Teachers can search for people and places identified with URR activities, information about Ohio’s many Underground Railroad sites and tips for planning trips to Ohio and national URR sites using downloadable maps. There are links to the Passage to Freedom directory of Ohio URR sites and the NPS Network to Freedom, which lists all national sites that have a documented connection to the URR, general background information, and case studies of individuals who escaped to freedom.

Ohio General Assembly
This website allows the user to search for current and past legislation of the General Assembly. Teachers can search by legislative session, sponsoring legislator, subject key word send get a summary and analysis of the proposed bill or act as well as the fiscal impact on the state. The 1851 Ohio Constitution is also located here with all amendments passed through 2006.

Ohio Historical Society
Site has links to Ohio Memory, Ohio History Central, and Ohio Pix, a gallery of images under themes, such as technology, every day life, gardening, World War II posters, famous Ohioans, including inventors, industry, transportation, Presidents, military and political leaders, authors, African Americans and women. The Ohio Historical Society owns the collection and one-time reproductions are allowed under terms of "fair use."

Ohio Public Library
The Ohio Public Library website contains a timeline of pre-historic Indian populations as well as images of artifacts in "What's the Point?"

The Northeast Ohio Journal of History, Links
 The Northeast Ohio Journal of History is an on-line journal with a set of links that includes primary documents from the state and the Northeast Ohio region.

University of Akron Libraries & Archives
Links to databases on books, articles, journals, and Polsky Archival Services which contains local school, industrial and business records such as the rubber industry and Ohio canals.                                                                                                                

Comprehensive Websites

Africans in America
This PBS website is the companion to the documentary on African and African-American history from pre-colonial times to the recent past.

AMDOCS, Documents for American History
This site contains primary documents of American history arranged chronologically from the pre-colonial period through the first term presidency of George W. Bush. The site provides evidence from "both sides" of an event, i.e., American and British perspective of the Boston Massacre, American and Native American accounts of westward expansion, Civil War diaries/letters/official documents from North and South, World War I official legislation and executive orders, as well as accounts of isolationists and peace activists and those who wanted to enter into the war.

American Memory
Website for the American Memory Project from the Library of Congress. Materials include various written documents, such as, letters, journal entries, official government publications, newspaper articles and broadsides, still and moving images, maps, lithographs, sheet music, art work, and movies. Spans colonial era to present. There are general topics, such as women’s history. African-American history, etc. that you can browse. On the main website, click on Teachers. These pages will provide suggestions on lesson plans and for using primary sources.

American Music before 1900
From Kingwood College (TX), this site offers links to various forms of popular music in the United States before 1900.

Americas Library
Americas Library offers animation, audio and video streaming for elementary grades and ideas for lesson plans. Sponsored by the Library of Congress, this site offers mostly secondary sources, timelines. Most of the primary source documents are too small to download.

Avalon Project, Yale University
Digital documents pertaining to US law, politics, government, diplomacy and history, organized by century for easier search. The site permits use in classroom or on the website but asks that you email the site to let them know you are using it. These documents are downloadable.

Best of History Websites
This site, maintained by Thomas Daccord, a teacher at Noble and Greenough School in Dedham, Massachusetts, provides a database of useful history websites.

Congress Link, Dirksen Congressional Center
Congressional site providing information about the U.S. Congress - how it works, its members and leaders and the public policies it produces. This site includes a daily blog on the legislation Congress is considering or enacting in the Senate and House of Representatives.

Council for Economic Education
This website has a focus on economic literacy to be taught in schools nationwide k-12, and internationally.  It also serves as a center for educators offering workshops on a variety of topics.

David Rumsey Map Collection
The collection contains more than 15,000 historical maps, specializing in rare 18th and 19th North American and South American maps. Images on this site may be used freely for non-commercial purposes.

Digital History, University of Houston
This site provides primary source evidence from political, religious, military leaders, as well as other, lesser-known participants. Government documents, letters, newspapers on: colonial settlement, Native Americans, the Revolutionary War, territorial expansion, slavery, the Civil War (official communications, newspapers, and letters from soldiers and families), World War I, World War II, the Cold War, etc. The site provides links to other website sources and model lesson plans.

Documenting the American South, UNC
Takes a Southern perspective on American history with primary source images, prints, texts and photos of the Civil War era. Includes slave narratives and images, literature of the South, Civil War battlefield and military images, culture and domestic life. Images and narratives may be reproduced or quoted for educational purposes, but must be credited as follows: "Used with permission of The University Library, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill."

Eye Witness to History
This site uses personal "eyewitness" accounts of events in American history: newspapers, letters, dairies, interviews and images from the 17th through the 20th century. Cites the sources used and provides links to other internet resources.

Geostat Center Historical Census Browser
The University of Virginia Library offers a digitized collection of U.S. census data from 1790 to 1960. The site allows you to search for information by census date or category of interest as well as manipulate the data to examine multiple topics within a given year and create tables and ratios between different data categories.

Gilder-Lehrman Institute
This is a collection of primary sources of US history held by the Gilder Lehrman of American History, founded in 1994. Particular emphasis is on the colonial period, the Revolution, the New Republic, and the Civil War. The site also provides source for writings on American women. This site also offers secondary source texts and provides a look to the Institute’s gift shop, which contains posters and copies of primary source documents and images for you classroom. The website also offers historian podcasts teachers could use in the classroom.

Harper's Weekly
A good resource for political cartoons from 1857-1912. Search history topics thematically by people, events or places or by date or historic era. Topics include presidential elections, Reconstruction, ethnic/racial discrimination, women, advertising, etc.

Historical Text Archive
Site contains articles, essays, text from books, some containing primary source text and photographs. Has links to web sites providing primary source material.

History Matters
Maintained by George Mason University, this site has more than a thousand images, documents, and oral history accounts of events in US history. Also, has links to other vetted history websites, including those providing primary sources for political cartoons, advertising and legal proceedings.

I Hear America Singing
Library of Congress database of songs and original song sheets from patriotic, Civil War, and popular American music. Note that the cover of sheet music can be used for analysis by students.

Landmark Cases
Extensive site offering discussion of the Supreme Court's landmark cases, legal terms, as well as teaching guides and strategies.

Legal Information Institute, Cornell University
Site has US Constitution and all of the state constitutions. Provides original constitutional documents and timeline of amendments and revisions. Also has information on the history, structure and actions of states’ legislative and judicial bodies.

Modern History Sourcebook
Contains a rich set of documents, images, maps, and other sources pertaining to both US and global history.

National Women's History Museum
This website provides a comprehensive look at women's history with a focus on suffrage, sports, and industry.

Our Documents

Sponsored by National History Day, the National Archives, and the USA Freedom Corps to publish and discuss 100 significant documents in US history.  The site also provides ways in which these documents can be integrated into classroom teaching.

Oyez Project, the Supreme Court

Past and pending cases before the Supreme Court. You can search by issue or term of the Court. Also provides a virtual tour of the US Supreme Court and images of justices past and present.


Primary and secondary resource material from PBS documentaries, including popular programs like Africans in America and The West. Sources for PBS documentaries and how to use them in classroom lesson plans are also available.

Scriptorium, Duke University

Maintained by Duke University libraries, this site explores advertising media from 1911-1955. It provides a look at popular culture through images in magazine and newspaper advertisements focusing on the themes of hygiene and beauty, radio, television, transportation and World War II. Helpful as a tool in looking at the way women and families were portrayed, advances in technology and transportation, and WWII propaganda.

Smithsonian Institution and National Museum of American History

These websites have recently been updated and users can use the Smithsonian Explorer link to do a keyword search to find primary and secondary sources, images, exhibits from the Smithsonian and lesson plan suggestions. Also provides correlating National History standards.

The National Archives
Web site for National Archives and Records Administration. The site contains prints, photos, government documents, poetry, newspapers, etc., in all eras of American history. The site also contains lesson plans and primary source analysis forms with questions that will help your students scaffold their thinking from description toanlysis and interpretation.

The West

Companion site for the PBS documentary from Ken Burns. Contains secondary and primary source information on people, places and events in The West, from pre-1500- to the early 20th century.

University of Oklahoma Law School, Government Documents

Maintained by the University of Oklahoma providing US government documents from the colonial era through the 21st century in chronological order, including treaties, acts of legislation and presidential speeches and inaugural addresses.

Virginia Center for Digital History

Primary source images, documents, and "teaching tips" for integrating these sources into lesson plans. Site is chronologically arranged using many documents in the public domain. Has a link to the "Valley of the Shadow" project at UVA (listed below).

West Web

Comprehensive site on the American West, with material on Native peoples, women in the West, art and culture  and PBS's  documentary The West.

Exploration and Encounters: America, 1450 to 1750

America's Founding Documents
The National Archives Charters of Freedom: Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights. There are also narratives that accompany the primary sources and provide historic background to the events and people that were a part of the road to Revolution and the lasting effects of the “Charters of Freedom.”

Archiving Early America
Eighteenth-century primary source documents, images and music chronologically arranged. Copyrighted, but much of this web site is already in public domain and can be found elsewhere. Provides a look at what might be available.

Colonial Williamsburg
Site for Colonial Williamsburg. Primary source documents of colonial and Revolutionary War periods: letters, proclamations, ads for runaway slaves, etc, and a collection of colonial maps. Has teacher resource section on menu under "kids." Also, an exhibit on slave songs and the interaction between African music traditions and music of European Americans, secular and religious, and how they were used in slave culture and evolution to jazz. May be used in classroom setting.

Constitutional Convention Documents
The history of the Constitutional Convention from American Memory, Library of Congress. Search the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection for primary sources consisting of broadsides printed that were accounts of minority opinions, odes, schedules, etc.

Eli Whitney Museum
Discussion and primary and secondary sources on Eli Whitney and his invention, the cotton gin. and the milling machine, which allowed unskilled workers in factories to do the work that was formerly that of skilled workers.

John Carter Brown Library
This website provides a database of approximately 3000 images of the colonial Americas, from Hudson Bay to Tierra del Fuego, based entirely on primary sources printed or created between 1492 and ca. 1825. An excellent site for maps and other images from the era of exploration and colonization in the New World.

The Second Amendment
Information on The Second Amendment from Ohio State University. There are lesson plans on the site for high school and middle school students, but as of February 10, 2009, this portion of the site was under construction.

Virtual Jamestown
Site dedicated to the history of the Jamestown settlement in Virginia. It includes maps, letters, newspapers, runaway slave ads, and early image of Native Americans for classroom use.

An Expanding Republic: The United States, 1800 to 1865

Abolition, The Library of Congress
Overview of abolition with primary sources and historical text.

Alexis de Tocqueville, C-SPAN
Site contains biographical information about Tocqueville and provides primary source information on his impressions of life in America during his travels through the country. It also provides references to how the words of de Tocqueville still inspire inaugural speeches and other public addresses.

The Trail of Tears

Hosted by "About North Georgia," this site offers history and sources on the Cherokee removal with links to Cherokee and Creek Native American sites.

Woman Suffrage

This site from the National Women's History Museum offers background text as well as images and additional links on the subject and provides a suggested reading list.

Freedom Tested: The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860 to 1877

Civil War Database

University of Tennessee website that offers a comprehensive list of resources on the Civil War and links to various sites that contain many images and documents.

Valley of the Shadow

The Valley of the Shadow project at the University of Virginia examines two communities, one in Pennsylvania, the other in Virginia from the time of John Brown’s Raid  through Reconstruction, using primary sources such as letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, cartoons and images of Civil War battlefields, soldiers and civilians, politicians and those on the homefront..

An Industrial Nation: The United States, 1877 to 1929

"Jim Crow"

This PBS site contains information on the Jim Crow era: laws, personal stories and biographies, and a lesson plans on the Jim Crow Era.

1876 Centennial Exhibition

The Free Library of Philadelphia hosts this site dedicated to the history and organization of the 1876 Centennial Exhibition. The site provides some activities for the classroom. The images are copyrighted for use in the classroom.

1912: Competing Visions for America

Hosted by Ohio State University, the site focuses on the presidential election from that year with primary and secondary text and sources available.

American Imperialism

The Internet Modern History Sourcebook for American Imperialism. This site provides links to  primary and secondary sources and to other sites on American imperialism.

Clash of Culture

Hosted by Ohio State University, the site examines the Scopes Trial, the KKK, prohibition and the New Woman during the 1910s and 1920s. Include both primary sources and background text.

Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War

PBS site covers the Spanish American War and American Imperialism. This site provides a timeline and special menu topics, such as 1890s music and yellow journalism.

Documenting "The Other Half": The Social Reform Photography of ...

Jacob Riis, and Lewis Hine's work appeared in several New York newspapers, which documented the living and working conditions of the poor. Through articles, books, photography, and lantern-slide lectures, Riis and Hine served as a mediator between working-class, middle-class, and upper-class citizens.

Immigration for Teachers

Library of Congress website on immigration in America with a specific emphasis on teachers and the subject.  This site contains a menu that teachers or their students can use to research various immigrant groups: Native Americans, African Americans, German, Irish, Mexican, Japanese, etc.


This website is designed specifically for teachers conducting lessons on the age of Imperialism. It provides a historical narrative of events and political issues that influenced American imperialism.

The Great War, PBS

This is the companion site to the PBS documentary on the First World War. It includes original text of soldiers who participated in the war, politicians and commanders from both sides and animated maps Immigration and Urban Life.

The Spanish-American War
The Library of Congress website explores the world of 1898. For other primary source and personal accounts  see The Spanish-American War Centennial Website and the New York Public Library's Digital Image Gallery.

Theodore Roosevelt Collection & Gallery
Housed at Harvard University and containing a wide array of personal papers, photographs, and writings that cover Teddy's early years, the Spanish-American War, the Presidency and electoral campaigns.

William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum
Located in Canton, Ohio, one can view national developments through a local filter such as Canton in wartime.  

Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library
Covers momentous events during the Wilson presidential years such as the Federal Reserve, Women's suffrage, World War I, the Fourteen Points & the Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations, immigration and Prohibition.  Links to excellent lesson plans for teachers.

World War I

Thousands of identified photos, obituaries & short records of service of First World War officers, soldiers, sailors, nurses, airmen and civilian workers available. Photographed directly from original Great War Rolls of Honour to ensure the best possible quality, including De Ruvigny's Roll Of Honour & The Sphere. Search the database by surname or regiment. There are also many images of female workers on the homefront. Now over 19,000 photos, obituaries & short records of service available to download.Also see Georgetown University's website for more U.S. Propaganda posters from World War I. Firstworldwar.com is a comprehensive but non academic site, which should be used with caution.

The United States in Depression and War, 1930 to 1945

America from the Great Depression to WWII

This Library of Congress website contains a rich set of images of agricultural and industrial sites, the laborers who worked in these areas, every day activities and efforts to support the war from the Farm Security Administration and other sources.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum
Extensive collection of sources on the Depression, the New Deal, World War II, Democratic Party politics, the atomic bomb and personal reflections. Excellent links to teacher development workshops and curriculum guides.

Internment and the Supreme Court

FindLaw site: Korematsu v United States In this 6-3 decision handed down in 1944 the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the government and against Fred Korematsu. Korematsu was previously tried and convicted for refusing to report to an Assembly Center and had appealed all the way to the Supreme Court. This case affirmed that the government's need to combat espionage outweighed Korematsu's civil rights.

NARA: WWII Propaganda posters

The National Archives on-line exhibit, "Powers of Persuasion," contains a rich collection of posters from WWII.

San Francisco Exhibition

This site contains The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco's Japanese Internment Exhibition.  There are primary source images of life in Japanese internment camps and several editions of the San Francisco News that give accounts of Japanese internment efforts in March and April 1942.

The Internment of Japanese Children

This PBS site, based on the PBS documentary, “Children of the Camps,” contains historical documents, such as Executive Order 9066, and information on the children of the Japanese Internment Camps.

The New Deal Network

Maintained by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute, this site offers a comprehensive set of materials on F.D.R., the New Deal, and the Depression.  The site also includes lesson plans on the New Deal for teachers in grades 9-12.

Truman Presidential Library, World War Two

Covers a number of topics with sources, including letters, presidential addresses and the decision to use atomic weapons.  If teachers click on he Education option in the menu at the top of he page. They will find lesson plans on topics such as the Berlin Airlift, etc.

The Unfinished Journey: The United States since 1945

Conelrad: Cold War Culture

Quirky site documenting Cold War culture, mainly during the 1950s. This website is not a vetted website but provides interesting songs, images ans documents from the “Atomic Age.”

Dwight Eisenhower Presidential Library, Digital Documents

Several primary sources from the Eisenhower presidency, including civil rights, Sputnik, and McCarthyism.

Harry S. Truman Library

Covers several issues from Truman's presidency with primary sources.  There is also a “Student Research File” On the menu. It provides separate lessons on topics such as the Berlin Airlift, Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb, etc.

John F. Kennedy Presidential Library

Covers several topics related to John F. Kennedy including the space race and integrating Ole Miss. Not as rich as other libraries in what is available on-line.  There are short classroom activities for elementary and secondary students.

Kent State University Shootings
Link that is accessible from the main KSU website that connects with the May 4 Visitors Center for background on the 1970 shootings.  See also library archives for manuscripts from the May 4 Collection covering memorials, commemoration activities, oral histories and links to associated sites.  

Lyndon Johnson Presidential Library

Rich set of historical resources from Lyndon Johnson's presidency, including speeches, documents and images from his early years in politics through his presidency, including his actions concerning Vietnam and civil rights.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project

Link takes you to the educational resources section related to the MLK Papers Project at Stanford University. Primary source documents are available, as well as teacher lesson plans for secondary students.

Richard M. Nixon Presidential Library & Museum
Covers numerous topics such as foreign policy, the environment, welfare reform, civil rights, Vietnam, and Watergate. Various resources and lesson plans for teachers.

Ronald Reagan Presidential Library

Growing site for materials on Reagan's life and presidency, including many images of Reagan from his childhood through his presidency. Also, includes texts of many Reagan speeches.

Sixties: UVA Library

Contains primary sources from the "psychedelic" 1960s and some New Left materials.

The State Department

This is the US State Department site containing primary sources for recent press releases, press conference dialogue and images, arranged by date or by place. These images and documents belong to the US government and therefore are in public domain. The site also features web casts, both archived and those scheduled for future. Teachers can register their class to take part in webcasts.

Vietnam: PBS

Offers essays, links, oral histories and other sources on the conflict. Includes additional links.

Voices of the Civil Rights Movement

Collection of oral history interviews of participants in the Civil Rights Movement.


Site maintained by an Australian school teacher, it contains a number of primary sources on the Watergate scandal and from Richard Nixon's political life.

Presidential History

American President

"A  collection of material about the Presidents of the United States and the history of the presidency." Presented by the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, this website features biographical essays about Presidents and information about "the history and evolution of presidential duties."

National First Ladies' Library
Manuscripts, biographies tailored for children, and lesson plans that cover the First-Ladies of the nation from Martha Washington to Michelle Obama.

Presidential Inaugurations

Presidential inaugurations. An online collection of approximately 400 items relating to inaugurations            from George Washington's in 1789 to George W. Bush's in 2001. The site includes "diaries and letters of presidents and those who witnessed inaugurations, handwritten drafts of inaugural addresses,        broadsides, inaugural tickets and programs, prints, photographs, and sheet music."

The American Presidency Project

Features data and documents on every presidential election and administration, including an archive of over 75,000 documents, such as papers, transcripts of speeches, and party platforms.

The Avalon Project

A database of transcripts of presidential inaugural addresses through 2001.

The White House

Official White House website with portraits of, information on, and biographies of each President, First Lady and Vice-president, as well as a history of the White House.

Presidential Speeches and Documents

From Revolution to reconstruction …and what happened afterward

Maintained by the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, this website offers a database of information and documents on every , featuring transcripts of speeches, biographies,           and essays. There are some discovery and colonization documents here as well.

Student Voices

This interactive website helps students "examine how issues they consider important played out in their own governments and election campaigns." The site features on issues and candidates, news, discussion forums, and teacher resources and offers a chance to respond to issue discussions they consider important.

Past Presidential Elections

Candidate websites and media informational resources from previous elections are still available online. Some of these historic resources are accessible directly. Candidate websites, as they appeared the day before the respective elections, are accessible through the Internet Archive.

2004: Democracy in Action

Maintained by Democracy in Action, a non-profit organization that promotes values of ecological and social justice to advance the progressive agenda. This site contains primary and secondary sources about the candidates and their campaigns, including presidential debates, campaign speeches, primary and general election results and inaugural speeches.

Clinton-Gore '96 Official Site (Museum of the Moving Image)
Website for Clinton-Gore 1996 campaign.

CNN All Politics 1996

This site is sponsored by CNN. It contains press reporting on the campaign, debates, poll results and maps of the popular and Electoral College voting.

CNN All Politics 2004
This site is sponsored by CNN. It contains press reporting on the campaign, debates, poll results and maps of the popular and Electoral College voting

Dole-Kemp '96 Official Site (4President.org)
Website for Dole-Kemp 1996 campaign.

Election of 2000

P2000, launched in May 1998, provides a framework to help you, the interested citizen, understand and analyze the 2000 presidential campaign.  Material is organized by Chronology, Key Players, and Selected Themes as well as in 50 State pages

GeorgeBush.com (Archive.org)

Website for Bush-Cheney campaign of 2004. Contains background information, speeches and press release and campaign images.

GeorgeWBush.com (Archive.org)
Website for Bush-Cheney 2000 campaign.

JohnKerry.com (Archive.org)

Website for the Kerry-Edwards campaign that provides background on each candidate and the text of speeches he gave during the campaign.

Political Communications Lab: Campaign 2000

Contains candidates’ stance on the major issues of the campaign, presidential debates, and political ads from both candidates.

Political Communications Lab: Campaign 2004

Contains candidates’ stance on the major issues of the campaign, presidential debates, and political ads from both candidates.

Political Cartoons, Commercials and Campaigns

"Cartoons of Clifford Berryman.”

"Running for Office: Candidates, Campaigns and the Cartoons of Clifford Berryman.”This exhibit is based on images and texts that are part of the official records of the US Senate housed at the Center for Legislative Archives at the National Archives. Clifford Berryman created political cartoons that satirized politics and politicians, elections wars, etc. His career as an editorial cartoonist spanned the years 1907-1949.

“It's an Ad Eat Ad World: Creating Presidential Campaign Advertisements.”
This site contains lesson plans for teachers to use with students in analyzing the influence of television advertising in political campaigns. In this lesson, students in grades 6 through 12 examine presidential campaign commercials from the 2004 election, reflecting on important campaign issues and creating their own commercials related to a specific issue

Media Construction of Presidential Campaign

This website features lesson plans about the role of the media in presidential campaigns from 1800 to 2004. The site includes an array of historical images, songs, videos, and more. Lessons and documents are organized according to era, and the entire set is available as a free PDF download.

New York Times Learning Network: Election 2008

Includes background information and news about the current campaign, quizzes, a glossary, and    lesson plans for teachers.

Propaganda Techniques in Literature and Online Political Ads

This direct link to a lesson for high-school students, grades 9 through 12, introduces propaganda techniques described in literary texts, and encourages students to connect literary depictions of propaganda techniques to those used in political commercials. Site sponsored by ReadWriteThink, a partnership between the International Reading Association (IRA), the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), and the Verizon Foundation

The Opper Project

This website is run by Ohio State University and the editorial political cartoons are organized thematically.  This website includes lesson plans and excellent explanations of the tools cartoonists use such as stereotypes and caricatures.


Thinkfinity.org is the Verizon Foundation's "free, comprehensive digital learning platform.  If teachers click on the search options on the left side of the page, they can find discipline-specific, standards-based educational resources, including lesson plans, interactive activities, primary and secondary sources, and other online resources.

Primary Source Analysis and Other Materials

Historical Currency

If you would like to find the historic value of the US dollar, e.g., what is $1.00 in 1820 worth today, this site provides an easy way to submit a query for that information.


This Houghton Mifflin site allows reproductions of outline maps of US history for classroom use.

News in History
Website that offers 200 years of American newspapers - an invaluable digital archive of primary source information.  

Primary sources and the Web

The History Matters site (previously noted under America History heading) is also helpful concerning analysis of primary sources and the use of the web. The “ Digital Blackboard” on this site offers lesson plans for 9-12 grades.


Based on A Midwife's Tale, the 18th century diary of Martha Ballard, this site teaches basic skills for interpreting historical evidence to form conclusions about the past.

The Learning Page at the Library of Congress

This page from the Library of Congress website offers explanations for why primary sources engage students in learning. It also offers suggestions for how to choose grade-appropriate sources and how to use them in focus, inquiry, application and assessment activities.

Using the Web

This site from Librarian John Henderson, Ithaca College, is for teachers and students to learn how to use the web as a resource for historical material. The site covers issues of accuracy, authority, objectivity, details, and value.

Local, State, and Regional Organizations

Akron Public Schools, Social Studies

This site is maintained by the Akron Public Schools social studies department. It was initiated by a Teaching American History grant, “Teaching American History: The Akron Plan,” as a way and to disseminate resources on US history and to share grade-level unit or lesson plans with other teachers.

Cuyahoga Valley National Park Association

This site provides information about the events and educational programming of the Cuyahoga Valley National Park.  This organization provides classroom visits and on-site tours that focus on environmental issues and the history of the canal.

The Northeast Ohio Journal of History, Links

This site maintained by the History Department at the University of Akron, contains primary source documents, book reviews and a set of local history links.

The Ohio Council for the Social Studies

The Ohio Council for the Social Studies maintains this site. Their conferences and publications provide a network of services to members throughout the state.

University of Akron, Department of History

The University Of Akron Department Of History links page, which contains a number of useful sites for teachers and students.

National Organizations

National Council for the Social Studies
Founded in 1921, National Council for the Social Studies has grown to be the largest association in the country devoted solely to social studies education. NCSS engages and supports educators in strengthening and advocating social studies. With members in all the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 69 foreign countries, NCSS serves as an umbrella organization for elementary, secondary, and college teachers of history, geography, economics, political science, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and law-related education.

OAH web-links page

Teaching with Historic Places

Administered by the National Park Service, and utilizing ruins, presidential homes, battlefields, factories, main streets and farms to bring history alive!  Excellent site for examination of primary source materials and lesson plans.

The Organization of American Historians

The Organization of American Historians promotes excellence in the scholarship, teaching, and presentation of American history, and encourages wide discussion of historical questions and equitable treatment of all practitioners of history.


Census Finder
Operated in conjunction with the U.S. Census Bureau.  Links to census records for the United Kingdom, Canada, Sweden, and Norway available at http://www.censusfinder.com/.  For United States data see "U.S. Census Records." 

Operated by the Economic History Association.  Provides links to various features including "Measuring Worth," which allows economic conversion from past to present in terms of earnings, prices, GDP, interest and exchange rates, at http://www.measuringworth.com/  

Gallup Polls & the Gallup Poll Cumulative Index
Offers information on public opinion polls beginning in the 1930's at http://brain.gallup.com.  By subscription only.

Historical Census Browser
A collection of census statistics and topics by state and county, with categories ranging from economy and manufacturing to ethinicity and slave population.  Operated by the University of Virginia Library at http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/index.html

Statistical Abstract of the United States
A yearly collection of statistics at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/statab1878-1900.htm.  PDF files cover the years 1878-1900.

Statistical Resources on the Web
Located at the University of Michigan at www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/stats.html.  Contains statistics from the United States and around the world.  Links to many of the most important compilers of statistical information such as U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor, and Consumer Expenditure Survey.  Some sources are free; others are by subscription only. 

U.S. Presidential Election Maps
Operated by the University of Virginia Library at http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/elections/maps.  Popular and electoral vote totals mapped by state for each presidential election since 1860 to 1996.

US GenWeb Census Project
Volunteers have digitized a large number of entries from census inventories that were taken as part of the federal census.  This information is available at http://www.us-census.org/inventory/.  Some of this data goes back to the mid-nineteenth century.  Information here is free.  More extensive census data is for sale at sites such as Ancestry.com and Heritagequest.com.

Copyright Permission

Copyright Information Center
Located on the Cornell University website at www.copyright.cornell.edu.  This site offers information on copyright policies, tutorials and training.  Also has a good FAQ section which addresses issues such as fair-use and public domain. 

Fordham University

Under http://www.library.fordham.edu/researchguides/law.html there are numerous links to law & legal databases such as the American Bar Association and Lexis-Nexis. 


Law & technology website for legal professionals.  In the right-hand column of the opening page, under the main-title "Legal Research" and sub-title "United States Law," one can find links to copyright information, including fair-use, public domain, and library digitization.